Modes

Music Theory Resources

Mode Formulas

Ionian W W H W W W H
Dorian W H W W W H W
Phrygian H W W W H W W
Lydian W W W H W W H
Mixolydian W W H W W H W
Aeolian W H W W H W W
Locrian H W W H W W W

Diatonic Chords for each mode

Ionian I ii iii IV V vi vii°
Dorian i ii III IV v vi° VII
Phrygian i II III iv VI vii
Lydian I II iii iv° V vi vii
Mixolydian I ii iii° IV v vi VII
Aeolian i ii° III iv v VI VII
Locrian II iii iv V VI vii

Scale Degrees

1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Ionian 1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Lydian 1 2 3 #4 5 6 7
Mixolydian 1 2 3 4 5 6 b7
Dorian 1 2 b3 4 5 6 b7
Aeolian 1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
Phrygian 1 b2 b3 4 5 b6 b7
Locrian 1 b2 b3 4 b5 b6 b7

Altered Scale Degrees

1 2 3 4 5 6 7
Ionian
Lydian #
Mixolydian b
Dorian b b
Aeolian b b b
Phrygian b b b b
Locrian b b b b b

Relative Modes

Ionian Dorian Phrygian Lydian Mixolydian Aeolian Locrian
####### C# major D# dorian E# phrygian F# lydian G# mixolydian A# minor B# locrian
###### F# major G# dorian A# phrygian B lydian C# mixolydian D# minor E# locrian
##### B major C# dorian D# phrygian E lydian F# mixolydian G# minor A# locrian
#### E major F# dorian G# phrygian A lydian B mixolydian C# minor D# locrian
### A major B dorian C# phrygian D lydian E# mixolydian F# minor G# locrian
## D major E dorian F# phrygian G lydian A mixolydian B minor C# locrian
# G major A dorian B phrygian C lydian D mixolydian E minor F# locrian
  C major D dorian E phrygian F lydian G mixolydian A minor B locrian
b F major G dorian A phrygian Bb lydian C mixolydian D minor E locrian
bb Bb major C dorian D phrygian Eb lydian F mixolydian G minor A locrian
bbb Eb major F dorian G phrygian Ab lydian Bb mixolydian C minor D locrian
bbbb Ab major Bb dorian C phrygian Db lydian Eb mixolydian F minor G locrian
bbbbb Db major Eb dorian F phrygian Gb lydian Ab mixolydian Bb minor C locrian
bbbbbb Gb major Ab dorian Bb phrygian Cb lydian Db mixolydian Eb minor F locrian
bbbbbbb Cb major Db dorian Eb phrygian Fb lydian Gb mixolydian Ab minor Bb locrian

Key Signatures for Each Mode

Major Key Lydian Ionian Mixolydian Dorian Aeolian Phrygian Locrian
C♯ ######## ####### ###### ##### #### ### ##
F♯ ####### ###### ##### #### ### ## #
B ###### ##### #### ### ## #
E ##### #### ### ## # b
A #### ### ## # b bb
D ### ## # b bb bbb
G ## # b bb bbb bbbb
C # b bb bbb bbbb bbbbb
F b bb bbb bbbb bbbbb bbbbbb
B♭ b bb bbb bbbb bbbbb bbbbbb #####
E♭ bb bbb bbbb bbbbb bbbbbb ##### ####
A♭ bbb bbbb bbbbb bbbbbb ##### #### ###
D♭ bbbb bbbbb bbbbbb ##### #### ### ##
G♭ bbbbb bbbbbb ##### #### ### ## #
C♭ bbbbbb ##### #### ### ## #

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